Trauma can affect someone in the following ways:
- It can affect our sense of safety and security in the world
- It can alter our ability to make and maintain relationships
- It can lead to mental illness, such as anxiety or depression
- It can affect the ability to function in their everyday lives
People who have experienced a traumatic event often describe “re-living” it. It is as if they are re-experiencing the actual event again. This can be frightening and distressing. They may avoid memories of the trauma or any person, place or situation which might remind them of it. However, efforts to avoid such stimuli do not usually help in the long run.
The effects of trauma can come on suddenly or straight after the traumatic experience. Or they can come on gradually after some time has passed since the traumatic incident. They can be short-term effects or acute in nature or they can become more long-term.